First newspaper was the Post, published on the 27th day of August, 1864, by John Buchanan at Virginia City. After the publication of the second number Daniel W. Tilton and Benjamin R. Dittes bought it and continued its publication until the winter of 1867-68, when Mr. Dittes purchased Mr. Tilton's interest and moved it to Helena.

The Vigilantes of Montana was published as a serial in the Montana Post, the first chapter appearing August 26th, 1865. Conclusion March 14th, 1866.

Telegraph line between Virginia City and Salt Lake completed November 2, 1866, by Edward Creighton and John A., his brother. First telegram sent by Gov. Green Clay Smith to President Johnson.

The number of letters advertised at the Virginia City post office on August 23, 1865, was 676.

Capital removed from Bannack to Virginia City, February 1, 1865.

First municipal election in Virginia City, February 6, 1865. First stampede that took place in Montana was July 20th, from Gold Creek to Boulder.

Last Chance.

Last Chance was discovered by Jno. Cowan and party, July 21, 1864.

Montana City.

Montana City or Prickly Pear was discovered Wednesday, August 18, by Hurlbut.

Dimsdale began to teach school, one of the first in the Territory, August 22, 1864.

First publication Montana Post, Friday, August 21, 1864.

Woodmansee's Train, September 8th, [1862] from Salt Lake to Bannack, the first one to Bannack.

Fisk's first expedition, reached Gold Creek September 26, 1862. His first and second reached Benton on September 6th, 1862, and September 6th, 1863.

First election took place October 31, 1863, Madison, Beaverhead, Jefferson and Gallatin Counties. All in Idaho.

First church in Territory dedicated at Virginia City on Saturday, November 6, 1864.

Masonic Hall, October 8, 1867. Helena people claim that Masonic Hall was completed November 11, 1866.

First theater in Territory opened Friday, December 10, 1864.

Elk Morse shot by Wm. Herron December 4, 1867, on the Gallatin.

First term of U. S. District Court in Territory December 5, 1864.

First Territorial Legislature convened in Bannack, December 12, 1864.

In 1869 there were but 38 post offices in Montana. Most of them only received mail tri-weekly.

The number of placer mines in 1869 was 120 and the total length was 452 8/4 miles.

From Montana Post. (First Issue August 27th, 1864.)

We find the following Official Directory:
Governor -- Hon. Sidney Edgerton, Bannack.
Secretary -- H. P. Forsey.
Chief Justice -- H. b. Hosmer.
Associate Justice -- Ami Giddings.
Associate Justice -- h. B. Williston.
Attorney General -- E. B. Nealy, Virginia City.
Marshal -- C. J. Buck.
Surveyor General -- M. Boyd.

County Officers, Madison County.

County Commissioners -- Jas. Fergus, Samuel W. Stanley, Fred PE. Root.
Probate Judge -- Thos. C. Jones.
Sheriff -- Robt. C. Knox.
Treasurer -- N. J. Davis.
Recorder -- R. M. Hagaman.

City Council, Virginia City.

E. K. Woodbury, Ram Schwab, James Gibson, N. Ford Marshall, Jerry Nolan.
First Mayor of Virginia City, Paris 8. Pfouts.

Montana Financial Relations.

Receipts from U. S. Internal Revenue Office for four
years ending November 1st, 1868 $409,968.34
Receipts for postal service, 1867 306.12
Total Reciepts $410,269.46
Expenses of Territory for four years at $35,498.50 $142,000.00
Balance in favor of Territory $268,275.46
Bonded debt $58,850.00
Warrants, regular and Outstanding $32,712.82
Total Territorial Indebtedness $91,562.32
A Trip to the States.

By J. Allen Hosmer, only a young boy. This was written, typeset and printed by him.

It is a little book, 82 pages of reading matter, and twelve pages of distances on the Missouri River. The book is 4x5 inches and is the second book printed in Montana; copyright 1866; printed 1867. Young Hosmer was, in 1896, an attorney in San Francisco, a son of Judge H. L. Hosmer, Chief Justice of Montana when this book was printed. (The book was presented to the Historical Society by James H. Mills.) He was also the man who prosecuted Durant for the murder of Blanch Lamont in San Francisco.

Actually the First Meeting of Alder Gulch on the Road From Bannack.

The Agreement Between the Citizens and the Discoverers of Alder.

Whereas, certain parties, respectively, named Henry Edgar, Wm. Fairweather, Harry Rodger, T. W. Cover, Wm. Sweeney and Barney Hughes have for several months been engaged in prospecting for their own benefit and for the benefit of the public in general, and,

Whereas, said parties after the completion of much time and money have discovered what they consider fair gold diggings and on the strength of this discovery have respectively taken for themselves two claims each, one by pre-emption and one by discovery; therefore, be it resolved,

1st. That we do cheerfully recognize the right of the parties above named to hold for themselves two claims as before set forth.

2nd. That in addition to the recognition of the right in the first resolution expressed we bind ourselves to support the parties above named in holding their claims purchased by their arduous exertions as prospectors and public benefactors.

Vigilante Oath.

We, the undersigned, uniting ourselves in a party for the purpose of arresting thieves and murderers and recovering stolen property, do pledge ourselves upon our sacred honor, each to all others, and solemnly swear that we will reveal no secrets, violate no laws of right and not desert each other or our standards of justice, so help me God, as witness our hand and seals this 23rd day of December, A. D. 1863.

James Williams, Joseph Hinkley, J. S. Daddow, C. F. Keves, Charles Brown (Dutch Charlie), E(lk) Morse, J. H. Balch, W. C. Maxwell, Nelson Kellock, S. J. Ross, Chas. Beehrer, Thomas Baume, Wm. H. Brown, Sr., Jno. Brown, Jr., Enoch Hodson, Hans J. Holst, Hoofen,* Alex Gillon, Jr., Wm. Clark, John Triff, A. D. Smith, W. Palmer, L. Seebold, M. S. Warder.
*[Note: Can't make out this name as it is so poorly written.]

(John Lott was supposed to have been the man who drew up the oath. He never signed it.)

These must have been the men who went to Deer Lodge.

Organization of First Court.

In December, 1864, nineteen men met in the dining room of the Planters House in Virginia City and organized a court there. Nineteen men admitted to the bar. Judge Pemberton is the last survivor of this Court. H. P. A. Smith was the first lawyer to come to Montana. He died with consumption. Senator Sanders wrote of him that he was generous to a fault, and never turned a person alway empty-handed. He was none too particular as to how he received his money.

First Court organized was by Judge Hosmer, Monday, Decem- ber,5, 1864.

The Court ordered that the attorneys who are to practice in this Court shall take the oath of allegiance, required by law and prepared by the clerk, and the following attorneys did so, viz:

W. F. Sanders, 6. 6. Bissell, R. R. Parrott, R. Ii. Robertson, J. G. Spratt, Chas. S. Bagg, L. W. Barton, A. F. Mayhew, E. B. Nealley, W. M. Stafford, Thos. Thoroughman, John C. Turb, Wm. Chumasero, H. Burns, J. A. Johnston, W. Y. Pemberton, J. Cook, Edward Sheffield, Alex Davis, Wm. Ii. McMath, W. J. McCormick, G. W. Stapleton, Sam Word.

Signed by Hez. L. Hosmer, Judge First Judicial District of Montana.

These attorneys were all admitted on motion of Col. Sanders.


List by Prof, Garver of State Normal School.

George Ives, died December 21, 1863, Nevada City, Madison County.
Erastus (Red) Yager, died January 4, 1864, Stinkingwater Valley, Madison County.
G. W. Brown, died January 4, 1864,,Stinkingwater Valley, Madison County.
Henry Plummer, died,January 10, 1864, Bannack, Beaverhead County.
Ned Ray, died January 10, 1864, Bannack, Beaverhead County.
Buck Stinson, died January 10, 1864, Bannack, Beaverhead County.
John Wagner (or Wagoner) (Dutch John), died January 11, 1864, Bannack, Beaverhead County.
Joe Pizanthia, died January 11, 1864, Bannack, Beaverhead County.
Geo. Lane (Club-Foot George), died January 14, 1864, Virginia City, Madison County.
Frank Parish, died January 14, 1864, Virginia City, Madison County.
Haze Lyons, died January 14, 1864, Virginia City, Madison County.
Jack Gallagher, died January 14, 1864, Virginia City, Madison County.
Boone Helm, died January 14, 1864, Virginia City, Madison County.
Steve Marshland, died January 16, 1864, Clarke's Big Hole ranch, Beaverhead County.
William Bunton, died January 19, 1864, Deer Lodge Valley, Powell County.
Cyrus Skinner, died January 25, 1864, Hell Cate, Missoula County.
Alexander Carter, died January 25, 1864, Hell Gate, Missoula County.
John Cooper, died January 25, 1864, Hell Gate, Missoula County.
Robert Zachary, died January 25, 1864, Hell Gate, Missoula County.
George Shears, died January 24, 1864, Frenchtown, Missoula County.
Wm. Graves (Whiskey Bill), died January 26, 1864, Fort Owens, Ravalli County.
William Hunter, died February 8, 1864, Gallatin Valley, Gal- latin County.
J. A. Slade, died 1864, Virginia City, Madison County.
James Brady, died early summer, 1864, Nevada, Madison County.
Jem Kelly, died July, 1864, Portneuf, Idaho.
John Dolan, died September 17, 1864, Nevada, Madison County.
*R. C. Rawley (Reighly), died at Bannack, Madison County.
* [Note: Hanged on the Plummer scaffold in Hangman's Gulch at Bannack, photograph was taken of his body on the scaffold -- the only one of the kind taken.]
John Keene (Rob Black), died 1865, Helena, Lewis and Clark County.
Jake Silvie (Jacob Seachriest), died 1865, Diamond City, Broadwater County.
John Morgan, died 1865, near Virginia City, Madison County.
John Jackson ( John Jones), died 1865, near Virginia City, Madison County.
James Daniel, died 1865, Helena, Lewis and Clark County.

A Bull Fight.

From James H. Morley's diary we get the following:

September 25th, 1864, "A Bull Fight" in corral back of Virginia Hotel, with a large crowd in attendance. No fight in the bulls, being old stags who have hauled goods over the plains, but the betters-up got their $2.00 a head from a large crowd of fools.

This continues to be a great country.